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                         Anti-heroes are conflicted, flawed, complex protagonists who do not have the typical virtues, values and characteristics of traditional heroes.
Though their actions are noble, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they act for good reasons like conventional heroes. They have dark sides, hidden secrets and may even have
a flawed moral code, but ultimately they have good intentions.

comedy of manners, witty, cerebral form of dramatic comedy that depicts and often satirizes the manners and affectations of a contemporary society.
 A comedy of manners is concerned with social usage and the question of whether or not characters meet certain social standards.

unities, in drama, the three principles that require a play to have a single action represented as occurring in a single place
and within the course of a day. These principles were called, respectively, unity of action, unity of place, and unity of time.

morality play, also called morality, an allegorical drama popular in Europe especially during the 15th and 16th centuries, in which the characters personify moral qualities
(such as charity or vice) or abstractions (as death or youth) and in which moral lessons are taught.

The protagonist of a story is its main character, who has the sympathy and support of the audience.



Ancient drama - religious 
Medieval drama - religious, 
16th century (Elizabethan) drama - Shakespeare, 
Restoration comedy
19th century melodrama
Modern drama
Theatre of Absurd


Commedia dell'Arte - 
Tragicomedy - 
Masque - 
Revenge tragedy - 
Farce - 
Satire - 
Chronicle play - 
Black comedy - 

PROSE

Legend - made up to teach a lesson
Fable - Aesop
Fairy tale - magical story 
Chivalric romance - 
Parable - lesson or principle
Myth - made up

1st person narrator - used, for example, in diaries; this narrator is one of the characters
3rd person narrator omniscient - (knows everything about  the world of the text)
3rd person limited omniscient - (only knows the thoughts and perspective of one or some of the characters)
dramatic narrator - (only describes action, unintrusive, dialogues dominate)

1st person narration and  stream-of-consciousness 1st person narration

Setting (when and where), theme (main idea), motif (repeated pattern)


Round/flat characters (refers to personality) (ask how well u know them to know)
static/dynamic (refers to growth) (ask if character has changed)

Internal conflict is when a character struggles with their own opposing desires or beliefs. It happens within them, and it drives their development as a character.

External conflict sets a character against something or someone beyond their control. External forces stand in the way of a character’s motivations and create tension
as the character tries to reach their goals.

1. A novel where exciting events are more important than character development. ADVENTURE NOVEL

2. A novel based on the author's life experience AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL NOVEL

3. A type of novel where the protagonist is initiated into adulthood through knowledge, experience, or both, often by a process of disillusionment. Understanding comes after the
dropping of preconceptions, a destruction of a false sense of security, or in some way the loss of innocence. BILDUNGSROMAN 

4. A novel focusing on the solving of a crime, often by a brilliant detective, and usually employing the elements of mystery and suspense MYSTERY NOVEL / CRIME FICTION / DETECTIVE FICTION

2. A novel consisting of letters written by a character or several characters. EPISTOLARY NOVEL 

3. Any novel that is disengaged from reality. Often such novels are set in nonexistent worlds, such as under the earth, in a fairyland, on the moon, etc.
The characters are often something other than human or include nonhuman characters FANTASY

4. A novel in which supernatural horrors and an atmosphere of unknown terror pervades the action. The setting is often a dark, mysterious castle,
 where ghosts and sinister humans roam menacingly. GOTHIC NOVEL

1. A novel where fictional characters take part in actual historical events and interact with real people from the past. HISTORICAL NOVEL

3. A novel focusing on and describing in detail the social customs and habits of a particular social group. Usually these conventions function as shaping or even stifling
 controls over the behavior of the characters NOVEL OF MANNERS

4. An episodic, often autobiographical novel about a rogue or picaro (a person of low social status) wandering around and living off his wits. PICARESQUE

2. A novel in which futuristic technology or otherwise altered scientific principles contribute in a significant way to the adventures. SCIENCE FICTION

3. A novel that presents an ideal society where the problems of poverty, greed, crime, and so forth have been eliminated UTOPIA

4. Story of actual people and actual events told with the dramatic techniques of a novel. NON-FICTION NOVEL / DOCUMENTARY NOVEL

5. A novel describing the development of an artist. KUNSTLERROMAN
                      
                                       
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